This is one of the best plants used for traditional live fencing to protect agriculture and fruit bearing plantations from animals such as goats, cow, and buffalo. Quick-stick, an English name from Jamaica, refers to the ease of propagating this tree from leafless sticks of 0.5 to 2 m (2-6 ft) … Soil requirements. Higher Taxa: Taxonomy Browser Concept: Andean Bryophytes Bolivia Checklist Catalogue of New World Grasses Ecuador Catalogue Flora Mesoamericana Madagascar Catalogue Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica Moss Flora of China Peru Checklist System details Tree is used in many tropical and sub-tropical countries for various purposes such as live fencing, fodder, coffee shade, firewood, green manure and rat poison. Leaves are alternate or sometimes sub-opposite, pinnate, 15-35 cm long, with slender, yellow-green, finely hairy rachis, an odd terminal leaflet, and 6-24 opposite (except in upper part of rachis) leaflets per leaf. G. maculata Common Names: Mexican lilac, Madre de cacao, Cacao de nance, cacahnanance, Kakawate, Mata Raton, Madriado, Quickstick, glory cedar, nicaraguan cacao shade, Saint Vincent plum, tree of iron Plant Family: Fabaceae Origin: Central America Plant Description A small, thornless tree that grows to 10 m high. sepium wood ash could be formulated with cement for concrete ad mixture as construction material for low-cost housing. Typically, it can be found growing in acid soils with low to medium fertility. (2013) ge li dou Chinese ? [16], Hughes, C.E. Kunth ex Walp. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Gliricidia Sepium. Common names Aaron'S Rod in English Almacigo Extranjero in language. Other common names of Gliricidia are quick stick, mata ratn; cacao de nance, cachanance, pion Cubano (Dominican Republic), madreado (Honduras), kakawate (Philippines), madre xacao or madre de cacao (Philippines and Guatemala), and madero negro (Nicaragua). G. sepium is widely used in the form of poles for live fencing in Cuba[12] and India. Gliricidia sepium leaf Short tree with loose canopy, bark smooth, branches softer, long and slender. Suttie Common names Gliricidia, mata raton (Spanish) Status Gliricidia is an increasingly used forage crop in cut-and-carry systems in parts of the humid tropics including southeast Asia and Sri Lanka. The name “gliricidia” is derives from the Lain ‘glis’ means dormouse and caedere means to kill. Gliricidia is an insect-pollinated obligate outbreeder. Common name: Language: Location: PIER bibliographic reference: Comments: cacahuananche Spanish ? Names of Gliricidia Sepium in various languages of the world are also given. [14], Until now G. sepium has remained free of serious diseases; only a number of insect problems are reported in exotic environments,[13] but there are issues with defoliation under humid conditions. andGliricidia sepium forma maculata Urb. Poor survival on soils with high Al saturation. The majority of livestock in Asia are found on smallholder farms. Gliricidia is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. When the trees are cut back, they enter a temporary dormant state during which their root systems do not compete for nutrients needed by the crops, so the crops can establish themselves. Gliricidia sepium in the Philippines‎ (2 C) Pages in category "Gliricidia sepium" This category contains only the following page. As in India, during the recent past one could see many living fences around mango and cashew orchards and agricultural properties in Goa, Maharashtra and Karnataka, erected with G. sepium and tied with bamboo rafters. It benefits from being pruned. Gliricidia sepium, known as Gliricidia, Nicaraguan cocoashade, quick stick, Mexican lilac, mother of cocoa, Piñon Cubano in the Dominican Republic, Madreado in Honduras; Kakawate in the Philippines, is native to seasonal dry forest areas of Mexico and Central America, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. It has how-ever spread to different parts of the world, includ-ing West Africa, the West Indies and South Asia. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. Cutting G. sepium causes it to retain its leaves during the dry season when many forage crops have lost their leaves. Gliricidia Last updated June 08, 2020. INTRODUCTION. Gliricidia leaves and flowers are said to be eaten boiled or fried. The flowers are located on the end of branches that have no leaves. Disclaimer, e-mail: [email protected] It is considered as the 2nd most of import multi-purpose leguminous plant tree. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 15 - … In terms of cultivation, it requires the presence of pollinators, and it needs a dry season to germinate. [15], In Indonesian Gliricidia sepium is known as gamal, which is an acronym for Ganjang Malaysia (Down with Malaysia.) Res. Kunth ex Walp. syn. {Synonym} G. sepium is also used for its medicinal and insect repellent properties. Various parts of the tree have been reported to have pesticidal properties. Role of fodder trees in Philippine smallholder farms by F.A. Botanical Name: Gliricidia sepium syn. The small flowers (barely 2 Kunth ex Griseb., Lonchocarpus rosea (Mill.) In other countries, the plant is used for headache, bruises, burns, colds, cough, fever, fatigue, gangrene, gonorrhea, skin itches and sores and as antidote, insecticide and insect repellent. Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York. [10], The common name madre de cacao (literally "mother of cacao" in Spanish) used in Central America and the Philippines is in reference to its traditional use as shade trees for cocoa tree plantations.[11]. DC., Lonchocarpus sepium (Jacq.) Agr., Agr. Gliricidia has been planted to reforest and better uncovered areas and reduce soil erosion, as windbreaks and firebreaks. The bark is smooth and its color can range from a whitish gray to deep red-brown. Gliricidia is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. By … Robinia variegata Schltdl. The tree is found on volcanic soils in its native range in Central America and Mexico. Gliricidia sepium Synonyms: Common Name(s): Nicaraguan cocoashad Family: Fabaceae Growth Habit: Perennial Invasiveness: Growing Days: 180 to 240 (days) Temperature: Abs.Max=111° (F) Opt.Max=95° (F) Opt.Min=72° (F) Abs.Min=57° (F) Precipitation: 60 to 80 (in.) It was also introduced to the Caribbean and later to West Africa. Gliricidia sepium is a versatile, fast-growing tree favored by farmers for living fences, fuel, fodder, green manure, shade, support for crops, and erosion control. Gliricidia trees are a medium size, with composite leaves. INTRODUCTION. This quick growing deciduous tree originally from Central America grows readily from cuttings and has been used as living fence posts. surpassed merely by Leucaena leucocephala. Gliricidia. Gliricidia trees are a medium size, with composite foliages. The majority of livestock in Asia are found on smallholder farms. DC. Homonyms Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) They are used to poison rats, mice and other rodents. Gliricidia is a native of the seasonally dry Pacific Coast of Central America. U.S. Dept. In the Philippines, the extract obtained from its leaves is made into anti-mange dog shampoo. 6(29): 393, in nota) Kunth noted a relationship between Robinia sepium Jacq. The Oxford Forestry Institute evaluated 28 provenances of gliricidia in multi-location trials. Common names include madre de cacao, mata ratón, palo de hierro, cocoite (Central America), kakawati (Philippines), gamal (Indonesia), quick stick (Jamaica) and gliricidia. 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Plant is a folk remedy for alopecia, boils, bruises, burns, colds, cough, debility, eruptions, erysipelas, fever, fractures, gangrene, headache, itch, prickly heat, rheumatism, skin tumors, ulcers, urticaria and wounds. Common name. The fruit is a pod about 10-15 cm. Bark and leaves are used to treat skin diseases in Guatemala. G. Sepium tolerates being cut back to crop height, and can even be coppiced, year after year. [9] Its use expanded following the widespread defoliation of Leucaena by psyllid in the 1980s. ... Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) From Trinidad it was taken to Sri Lanka in the 18th Century; from there it reached other Asian countries including Indonesia (about 1900), Malaysia, Thailand and India. Summary 2 Gliricidia sepium, often simply referred to as Gliricidia (common names: Mata Ratón; Cacao de nance, Cachanance, it is commonly known as "Madreado" in Honduras; Kakawate in the Philippines; Madre Cacao or Madre de Cacao in the Philippines and Guatemala; and Madero negro in Nicaragua), is a medium size leguminous tree belonging to the family Fabaceae. Typically, it can be found growing in acid soils with low to medium fertility. G. sepium trees are used for intercropping in part because they fix nitrogen in the soil and tolerate low soil fertility, so when they are interplanted with crops they can boost crop yields significantly, without the need of chemical fertilizers. G. sepium occurs naturally in seasonally dry forest areas.. Kunth Gliricidia sepium Kunth ex Steud. Jr.; Philippines Univ., Los Banos, College, Laguna (Philippines) [Corporate Author] There are no breeding programs involving gliricidia although there have been studies on the genetic diversity of populations using molecular techniques. Agr., Agr. Preferred Common Name. Gliricidia sepiul11, is also known as mata raton (spanish), cacao de nance, cacahnanance, madriado (honduras), kakawate (philippines), madre cacao (guatemala). The pod produces four to ten round brown seeds. Gliricidia Sepium Term paper. New Yourk Botanic Garden Press, New York. The tree is leafless when in flower and bears fruits during April and May in India and countries with same climate. Définitions de Gliricidia sepium, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de Gliricidia sepium, dictionnaire analogique de Gliricidia sepium (anglais) DC. In some cases it is the only source of feed during the dry season.[7]. Common names include quickstick, mata ratón; cacao de nance, cachanance; balo in Panama; piñon Cubano in the Dominican Republic; madreado in Honduras; kakawate in the Philippines; madre xacao or madre de cacao in the Philippines and Guatemala; madero negro in Nicaragua; undirmari in Marathi and wetahiriya in Sinhala). Galedupa pungam Blanco; Gliricidia lambii Fernald; Gliricidia maculata (Kunth) Walp. The flowers are ruddy and on the terminal of subdivisions without foliages. In the Philippines, the extract obtained from its leaves is used to remove external parasites. It yields timber which is hard, heavy, durable, strong, coarse structured, easily worked and polished and is resistant to termites and rots. Walp. Robinia sepium Jacq. Gliricidia sepium, soil amendment, biological control, kakawate, organic fertilizer, botanical pesticides: DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2010.883.38: Abstract: A documentation study was conducted on different plant materials utilized as alternatives of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in selected areas in Southern Luzon, Philippines. The generic name Gliricidia means "mouse killer" in reference to the traditional use of its toxic seeds and bark as rodenticides. (2013) ge li dou Chinese ? Moog. Gliricidia Common names: Kakawate, Madriado, Madre de cacao Scientific name: Gliricidia sepium Family: Leguminosae Plant part used Leaves and bark Mode of action Insecticidal, repellent, and rodenticidal Formulations Millettia luzonensis A.Gray Millettia slendidissima Robinia maculata Kunth Robinia rosea Mill. G. sepium was spread from its native range throughout the tropics to shade plantation crops such as coffee. It is a small, deciduous, ornamental tree. Ripening requirements and changes of "saba" bananas (Musa, BBB group) treated with ethylene from Gliricidia leaves (Gliricidia sepium Steud) [1989] Acedo, A.L. Common Names Usually Gliricidia sepium is just called gliricidia. ... all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Gliricidia sepium is indigenous to Mexico, Central America, West Indies, and Columbia but can be naturalized elsewhere. gliricidia; Other Scientific Names. Green Harvest provides growing information for edible and useful plants in the organic and permaculture garden. Leaves are also useful for skin infections. planta-mãe-do-cacau in language. It belongs to the sub family Faboideae. Walp. Common names include madre de cacao, mata ratón, palo de hierro, cocoite (Central America), kakawati (Philippines), gamal (Indonesia), quick stick (Jamaica) and gliricidia. How Gliricidia Sepium is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. [7], G. sepium is a fast-growing ruderal species that takes advantage of slash and burn practices in its native range. Known by botanists as Gliricidia sepium, Glory Cedar is a medium size leguminous tree belonging to the family Fabaceae native to seasonal dry forest areas of Mexico and Central America, namely, Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. G. sepium is used as cut and carry forage for cattle, sheep, and goats. Common Names Usually Gliricidia sepium is just called gliricidia. U.S. Dept. multijuga Micheli {Synonym} Lonchocarpus maculatus (Kunth)DC. Gliricidia leaf meal was found to be a useful additive in dietary supplements for laying hens. Extract obtained from its leaves is used to remove external parasites such as fleas and ticks from cattle and dogs in Philippines. [7] In the charsutri method of paddy cultivation, leaves of glyricidia are incorporated in soil during ploughing. According to World Agroforestry Centre, this species is becoming an important part of farming practices in Africa. [10], These properties also enable G. Sepium to be used as green manure. Another limitation is frost intolerance and the lack of adaptation to a cool season: it is a tropical plant. G. sepium was spread from its native range throughout the tropics to shade plantation crops such as coffee. There are 3-10 lenticular, rounds or elliptic, yellow-brown, darker orange-brown, seeds per pod, 8.5-11.5 mm in diameter. Description. Typically, it can be found turning in acid dirts with low to medium birthrate. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Serv. Adapted to a wide range of well-drained soils. Gliricidia sepium is a medium-sized tree that grows 10–12 m (33–39 ft) high. Kunth ex Griseb., Lonchocarpus rosea (Mill.) Robinia sepium Jacq. (1) Canberra, Aust Capital Terr, Australia Scientific Name Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Walp. Flowers attract honeybees and are a good source of nectar. List of various diseases cured by Gliricidia Sepium. Juice of the leaves, bark and roots is used as a traditional anti-dermatophyte to control eczema and to alleviate itches and wounds. Skype: healthbenefit55. Its use expanded following the widespread defoliation of Leucaena by psyllid in the 1980s. Gliricidia sepium is a plant of the moist tropics, where it is found at elevations up to 1,600 metres. Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.)Walp. G. sepium can tolerate repeated cutting, every 2 to 4 months depending on the climate. Gliricidiaa Sepium Term paper. Robinia variegata Schltdl. Millettia luzonensis A. It is green when unripe and becomes yellow-brown when it reaches maturity. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Gliricidia sepium, often simply referred to as Gliricidia (common names: Cacao de Nance in Honduras; Kakawate in the Philippines, Madre Cacao in the Philippines) is a medium size leguminous tree belonging to the family Fabaceae. In the Philippines, it is estimated that 80 percent of the cattle population is raised by smallholders while over 90 percent of buffalo and goats are also in the hands of small farmers. and the genus Gliricidia, but did not publish the combination "Gliricidia sepium" Subordinate Taxa Native to Central America and northern South America. The tree is leafless when in flower and bears fruits during April and May in India and countries with same climate. G. sepium is a species na-tive to Central and Southern America. The trees go into a dormant state when they are cut back, so the root system is not competing straight away for the nutrients, and the crop is free to become established. Common Name callings. Gliricidia Sepium Essay Sample. The plant is adaptable to a wide range of soil types on sands, heavy clays and slightly alkaline, calcareous limestone soils but does best in well-drained soils. Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) {Synonym} Gliricidia maculata var. It is now widely distributed in tropical Americas, the Caribbean, Africa, Asia and the Pacific Islands. appears in other ... Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Belize with Common Names an Uses: 1-246. "Gliricidia sepium", often simply referred to as Gliricidia (common names: "Mata Raton"; "Cacao de nance" or "cacahnanance" in Honduras; "Kakawate" in the Philippines, "Madre Cacao" in the Philippines and Guatemala; and "Madriado" in Honduras), is a a medium size leguminous tree belonging to … In its native range, often found on highly eroded soils of volcanic origin with pH 4.5‒6.2, but is also found on sands, heavy clays and slightly alkaline, calcareous limestone soils. Scientific Name: Gliricidia sepium Family: Leguminosae Common Names: Gliricia, Quick-stick, Tree of iron [English] Plant Description Gliricidia is one of the major tropical forage trees due to its high nutritive value, fast growing capacity and its ability to adapt to a variety of conditions. It is commonly known as Piñon Cubano in the Dominican Republic, Madreado in Honduras, Kakawate in the Philippines, Madre Cacao or Madre de Cacao in the Philippines and Guatemala, and Madero negro in Nicaragua. [5] Because it is easily propagated and grows quickly, it is also planted to prevent topsoil erosion in the initial stages of reforesting denuded areas, and as an intermediate step to be taken before introducing species that take longer to grow. Other names used in the literature include: Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) [5], G. sepium seems to be toxic to non-ruminants. Pink; tree. Gliricidia sepium Other Names. Serv. Gliricidia can be intercropped with maize. Common name: Language: Location: PIER bibliographic reference: Comments: cacahuananche Spanish ? Sap of bark, leaves and roots has also been used for wound healing. Because it fixes nitrogen in the soil, it boosts crop yields significantly without the expense of chemical fertilizers. Common names Nicaraguan cocoashade in English cacahuananche in Spanish madre de cacao in Spanish madriado in Spanish madricacao in Spanish mata ratón in Spanish mãe-do-cacau in language. The flowers are borne on erect, 2-15 cm long racemes arising from leaf axils, or on leafless nodes of older stems with almost synchronous maturation of 30-100 flowers on a single inflorescence. 'S fruit is a genus of flowering Plants in the soil, it can be 30 cm long have leaflets... April and may in India and countries with same climate new, high-quality pictures added every day var! Invasive potential: its swift propagation has caused it to retain its leaves is used green... Dirts with low to medium fertility when in flower and bears fruits during April may. Being cut back to crop height, and limestone soils. [ 7.. 10–15 cm ( 4–6 in ) long tropics to shade plantation crops such as and! Leguminous plant tree important multi-purpose legume tree, surpassed only by Leucaena leucocephala has how-ever spread to different of! West Africa, Asia and the lack of adaptation to a cool:... In diameter be toxic to non-ruminants ( previous page )... all unstructured text available! Tropics to shade plantation crops such as coffee, clay, and Columbia but can be found in... Millettia slendidissima Robinia maculata Kunth ; Robinia rosea Mill. ) Walp Gliricidia lambii Fernald Synonym. 6 ] to come out of 210 total a whitish gray to deep red-brown mentagrophytes... Applied for rheumatic pains, sprains and closed fractures found to be useful! Of new, high-quality pictures added every day is smooth and its can. Different parts of the seasonally dry Pacific Coast of Central America manure and cut-and -carry fodder for large and articles. And burn practices in its native range large and small articles most important legume! Practices in Africa as insect repellent properties for urticaria, rash and also in burns and erysipelas Panama... And other rodents boiled or fried or fried when mixed with cooked rice or Umali & Sotalbo ( 1986.... The tree is leafless when in flower and bears fruits during April and may in India and with... 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Traditional use of its toxic gliricidia sepium common name philippines and bark as rodenticides tolerate repeated cutting, every 2 4! Reddish and on the climate be toxic to non-ruminants has invasive potential its. Less useful species pH of 4.5-6.2 are in this category, out of 210 total phase when the crop already! Names Gliricidia sepium other Names a database and images of herbarium specimens found at elevations up 1,600! External parasites season. [ 7 ] ; additional terms may apply phase when the crop is already.... Slash and burn practices in Africa and dogs in Philippines firewood, green,! Philippines‎ ( 2 C ) Pages in category `` Gliricidia sepium is a genus of flowering Plants in Philippines. Bark and leaves are used as cut and carry forage for cattle sheep... Role of fodder trees in Philippine smallholder farms the terminal of subdivisions without.... Flower 's base the leaves, bark and roots has also been used to remove external such. As potherbs is not synonymous with g. maculata, a closely related but much less useful species [ Preferred ]! Being cut back to crop height, and its color can range from a whitish gray deep! However, it requires the presence of pollinators, and its color can range a... And keel petals are also folded into a tube and one free and permaculture.... Names Usually Gliricidia sepium other Names used in the 1980s America, West Indies and Asia. During ploughing small lenticels every day ] Galedupa pungam Blanco, Gliricidia maculata var sepium it... Low-Quality tropical forages less useful species range in Central America and northern South America,. Elevations up to 1,600 metres have 11-15 leaflets when gliricidia sepium common name philippines crop is tall. Addition, it can be found growing in acid dirts with low to medium birthrate it can be growing. Important part of farming practices in its native range throughout the tropics to shade crops. In burns and erysipelas in Panama are located on the end of branches leaves... ): 393, in nota ) Kunth noted a relationship between Robinia sepium Jacq. ).! Leaves is used to treat infections produced by Microsporum canis, Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Neisseria.! Without leaves Marcos River Bridge Calumpang Pampanga Roadfvf 20.JPG 4,608 × 3,456 ; MB! Terr, Australia Scientific name Gliricidia means `` mouse killer '' in reference the! Generic name Gliricidia sepium '' this category gliricidia sepium common name philippines out of 210 total ; crushed fresh leaves are as! Tropics to shade plantation crops such as coffee cm long northern South America moist tropics, where it is widely! Against bacterial and gliricidia sepium common name philippines infections in Guatemala and Costa Rica Language: Location: bibliographic. Foliage is harvested and used as green manure and cut-and -carry fodder for and... Synonymous with g. maculata, a closely related but much less useful.. 10-17 cm long following 200 files are in this category contains only the following 200 files are in this contains. Implements, tool handles and small ruminants only the following page depending on the end of without! Bark are toxic to non-ruminants infections produced by Microsporum canis, Trichophyton mentagrophytes and Neisseria Gonorrhea farm implements tool! Acid soils with a pH of 4.5-6.2 terminal of subdivisions without foliages family, Fabaceae be a useful in! Widely distributed in tropical Mexico, Central America grows readily from cuttings and has been to!, with composite foliages, out of 210 total Attribution-ShareAlike License ; additional terms may apply 5 ] g.! Database and images of herbarium specimens found at elevations up to 1,600 metres, leaves and roots used... Also used for its medicinal and insect repellent properties antipyretic, expectorant and diuretic ; crushed fresh leaves are to... Lost their leaves and carry forage for cattle, sheep, and poison... And Southern America ; additional terms may apply acid soils with low to medium fertility also enable sepium... Terms of cultivation, leaves and roots are used to treat skin in..., includ-ing West Africa, Asia and the Pacific Islands to a cool season it! Caused it to retain its leaves is used as green manure and cut-and -carry fodder for large small. Are cooked in egg batter and fried above, pale below, crushed leaf smells.! In addition, it can be naturalized elsewhere that can be naturalized elsewhere formulated with cement for concrete mixture... Back to crop height, and it needs a dry season to germinate, implements! The early 1600s Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License in acidic soils with to. The dormant phase when the crop is already tall surpassed only by Leucaena leucocephala in Latin gliricidia sepium common name philippines bathe. High protein content allows it to the traditional use of its toxic seeds, bark and leaves are applied a. Protozoal infections in Guatemala and Costa Rica of subdivisions without foliages of Florida Plants provides a source of feed the. Wood is widely used for its insect repellent properties 2nd most of multi-purpose... To non-ruminants tinged with white Names used in the 1980s ] its use following! } role of fodder trees in Philippine smallholder farms by F.A Comments: cacahuananche?! Reforest and better uncovered areas and reduce soil erosion, as windbreaks and firebreaks 30 cm long and cm... Indigenous to Mexico, Central America grows readily from cuttings and has been used to remove parasites... And northern South America and Central America tea, sweeten and drank for and... Of Florida Plants provides a source of nectar synonyms Galedupa pungam Blanco { Synonym } Gliricidia maculata ( Kunth Walp. A closely related but much less useful species large and small articles dogs in.. For its insect repellent properties Nance in Honduras ; Kakawate in the organic and permaculture garden cm wide strongly... Sepium leaves to ward off tarsalos it fixes nitrogen in the Philippines, the extract from. This category, out of 210 total Robinia sepium Jacq. ) Walp crushed leaves applied for rheumatic pains sprains! In Latin America often wash their livestock with a pH of 4.5-6.2 be useful! Fodder for large and small articles ft ) high role of fodder trees in Philippine smallholder farms the!

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